The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary







For linguistic codification, see codification (linguistics).

In law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas. Also see legal code.

Contrary to popular belief, the common law has been codified in many jurisdictions in many areas; examples include the Law of General Obligations of New York State, the English Criminal Code (originally judge-made common law) and the California Civil Code .

In civil law jurisdictions, codification has also occurred in many areas. The codification movement developed out of the philosophy of the enlightenment and began in several European countries during the late 18th century (see civil code). However, it only gained significant momentum with the enactment of the French Napoleonic Code in 1804.

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