The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary







The Caucasus is a region in West Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus mountains and surrounding lowlands.

The highest peak is Elbrus (5642m).

The independent nations that comprise today's Caucasus include Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. Large, non-independent autonomous areas of the Caucasus include Ossetia, Chechnya, Ingushetia and Dagestan, among others. Three areas here claim independence, but are not acknowledged by the international institutions: Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh and South Ossetia. The Caucasus is one of the most linguistically and culturally diverse places on Earth. The Caucasus region (Caucasia) is geographically a part of Asia, but historically and culturally it is often seen as a part of Europe (precisely Eastern Europe).

The southern section of the Caucasus is known as the Transcaucasus.

Historical events:

Biblical Mountain Ararat where Noah's Arch landed is in Caucasus, in historically Armenian lands. Therefore, Armenians claim that re-birth of the world started from Armenia. The capital of Armenia Yerevan translates in Aramean and Armenian languages as "I see" as in "I see land". In Greek mythology, the Caucasus, or Kaukasos was one of the pillars supporting the world. Prometheus was chained there by Zeus. The Roman poet Ovid placed Caucasus in Scythia and depicted it as a cold and stony mountain which was the abode of personified hunger. In a similarly cultural vein, Loreena McKennitt's song "Night Ride Across the Caucasus" vaguely describes this region. Cheese is a major product of this region.

See also

External links

The contents of this article are licensed from under the GNU Free Documentation License. How to see transparent copy