Brownsville is a city located in Cameron County, Texas, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 139,722. It is the county seat of Cameron County6.
Brownsville is located at 25°55'49" North, 97°29'4" West (25.930307, -97.484424)1, across the Rio Grande (Rio Bravo) from Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 215.0 km² (83.0 mi²). 208.2 km² (80.4 mi²) of it is land and 6.8 km² (2.6 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 3.16% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 139,722 people, 38,174 households, and 32,180 families residing in the city. The population density is 671.0/km² (1,737.8/mi²). There are 42,323 housing units at an average density of 203.2/km² (526.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 81.65% White, 0.41% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 14.66% from other races, and 2.29% from two or more races. 91.28% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 38,174 households out of which 50.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% are married couples living together, 20.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 15.7% are non-families. 13.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.62 and the average family size is 3.99.
In the city the population is spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 28 years. For every 100 females there are 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 82.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $24,468, and the median income for a family is $26,186. Males have a median income of $21,739 versus $17,116 for females. The per capita income for the city is $9,762. 36.0% of the population and 32.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 45.0% of those under the age of 18 and 31.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Brownsville has 3 international bridges:
- The Brownsville & Matamoros International Bridge, known locally as the "Old Bridge".
- Gateway International Bridge, known locally as the "new bridge".
- The Veteran's Bridge at Los Tomates, or locally simply known as the "Veteran's Bridge".
Brownsville is home to 50 public schools ranging all the grades from Pre Kindergarten to 12th Grade. See Education in Brownsville, Texas for more detail on the education availiable.
Local attractions include the Gladys Porter Zoo, Camille Lightner Playhouse, a beautiful downtown, The University of Texas at Brownsville/Texas Southmost College, The Brownsville & South Padre Island International Airport (BRO), a port known as the Port of Brownsville. There is also easy access to South Padre Island and Matamoros, Mexico.
A number of the famous historical homes in downtown Brownsville are becoming the homes of local Law Offices.
- Brownsville was established in January 13, 1849 by Charles Stillman.
- During the Civil War Brownsville was used as a smuggling point for Confederate goods into Mexico.
- On May 15, 1865 a month after the surrender had been signed at Appomattox Court House the Battle of Palmito Ranch was fought.
- On Valentine's day, 1895, 2 inches of snow fell in Brownsville. This was the first recorded instance of snow in recorded history of the region.
- On August 13, and 14th 1906 was the site of the Brownsville Raid.
- On December 8, 1911 Brownsville's first international bridge was opened, which was called the Brownsville & Matamoros Bridge.
- On September 8, 1926 The Junior College of the Lower Rio Grande Valley now known as Texas Southmost College as in the University of Texas at Brownsville/Texas Southmost College admitted its first class.
- In 1945 Fort Brown was decommissioned and in 1948 the City and College acquired the land.
- From 1945 to 1970 Brownsville population doubled from 25,000 to 52,000 people.
- In 1991 Brownsville receives a University via the partnership between the University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College.
- On December 25, 2004, Brownsville and the Rio Grande Valley had their first instance of measurable snow in 109 years, with 1 1/2 inches, and with this their very first White Christmas.
- Brownsville Independent School District, at current, is the 17th. largest school district in Texas.
- City of Brownsville http://www.ci.brownsville.tx.us/
- Brownsville Convention and Visitors Bureau http://www.brownsville.org/
- Brownsville Chamber of Commerce http://www.brownsvillechamber.com/
- Brownsville Herald Online http://www.brownsvilleherald.com/
|Maps and aerial photos
|Street map http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?latlongtype=decimal&latitude=NaodW29-item4a
b65e4758bc2efd&longitude=-97.484424&zoom=6 | Topographic map http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?lat=25.930307&lon=NaodW29-item
17ea5edc6bfbc5c4&s=200&size=m&layer=DRG100 | Aerial photograph http://terraserver.microsoft.com/map.aspx?t=1&s=14&lon=NaodW29-item4339a9483630b