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This article is about the island of Bermuda. See Bermuda sloop and Bermuda rig for the associated sailing terms.

Bermuda is a self-governing island Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom, situated in the Atlantic Ocean. It has become one of the world's most important offshore financial centres. See Economy of Bermuda. Bermuda is often referred to as a tax haven or corporate haven.

Flag of Bermuda Image:Bermuda_Coat_of_Arms.png
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: Quo Fata Ferunt
(Latin: Whither the Fates carry [us])
Official language English
Political status Overseas territory of the UK
Capital Hamilton
Governor and
Sir John Vereker
Premier Alex Scott
Area 58.8 kmē

-Total(2003 E)
 - Density

1 096/kmē
Currency Bermuda dollar on par with US dollar
Time zone UTC -4
National anthem God Save the Queen
Internet TLD .bm
Calling Code 1 (Area code 441)

In the early 20th century, as modern transportation and communication systems developed, Bermuda became a popular destination for wealthy US, Canadian, and British tourists. In addition, the tariff enacted by the United States against its trading partners in 1930 cut off Bermuda's once-thriving agricultural export trade--primarily fresh vegetables to the US--spurring the overseas territory to develop its tourist industry, which is second behind international business in terms of economic importance to the island.

During World War II, Bermuda became important as a military base because of its location in the Atlantic Ocean. In 1941, the United States signed a lend-lease agreement with the United Kingdom giving the British surplus U.S. Navy destroyers in exchange for 99-year lease rights to establish naval and air bases in Bermuda. The bases consisted of 5.8 square kilometers (2.25 sq. mi.) of land largely reclaimed from the sea. The US Naval Air Station was on St. David's Island, while the US Naval Air Station Annex was at the western end of the island in the Great Sound.

Effective September 1, 1995, both bases were closed, as were British and Canadian bases on the island. Unresolved issues concerning the 1995 withdrawal of US forces - primarily related to environmental factors - delayed the formal return of the base lands to the Government of Bermuda. The United States formally returned the base lands in 2002.

There are two incorporated municipalities in Bermuda; the City of Hamilton, and the Town of St George. There are also a number of localities which are sometimes termed villages, among them Flatts and Somerset.

Famous Bermudians:

External links

  • Travel guide to Bermuda from Wikitravel
  • - Complete Travel Guide
  • A discussion forum focusing on environmental issues in Bermuda and around the world.
  • Bermuda 4U - A comprehensive and independent guide to Bermuda
  • A Limey In Bermuda Life in Bermuda from the perspective of a British expat
  • Bermuda Online is a privately maintained site which contains much useful material
  • Insiders Guide to Bermuda A good visitor-oriented site

Countries in North America
Antigua and Barbuda | Bahamas | Barbados | Belize | Canada | Costa Rica | Cuba | Dominica | Dominican Republic | El Salvador | Grenada | Guatemala | Haiti | Honduras | Jamaica | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama | Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Trinidad and Tobago | United States
Dependencies: Anguilla | Aruba | Bermuda | Cayman Islands | Greenland | Guadeloupe | Martinique | Montserrat | Navassa Island | Netherlands Antilles | Puerto Rico | Saint-Pierre and Miquelon | Turks and Caicos Islands | U.S. Virgin Islands | British Virgin Islands

Last updated: 02-07-2005 01:31:59
Last updated: 02-24-2005 04:05:47