The auditory nerve is the nerve along which the sensory cells (the hair cells) of the inner ear transmit information to the brain. It consists of the cochlear nerve , carrying information about hearing, and the vestibular nerve , carrying information about balance. The auditory nerve is also known as the acoustic nerve , the eighth cranial nerve, and the vestibulocochlear nerve.
Axons of the cochlear nerve synapse in the cochlear nucleus . Cells in the ventral cochlear nucleus then synapse on cells of the superior olive s of the medulla on the same side and on the opposite side. These cells compare the timing of impulses from the left and right ears, allowing for auditory localization . Superior olive cells' axons form part of a fibre tract, the lateral lemniscus, and go to the inferior colliculus . Cells in the dorsal cochlear nucleus send axons directly via the lateral lemniscus to the inferior colliculus. Dorsal cochlear nucleus cells carry infomation about the frequency of sounds. Axons of the inferior colliculus synapse on the medial geniculate nucleus of the thalamus on the same side and on the opposite side. Axons of medial geniculate neucleus cells project to the primary auditory cortex, also known as A1.
Axons of the vestibular nerve synapse in the ???
|Sensory system - Auditory system|