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African Buffalo

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African Buffalo

|- | style="text-align:center;" | African Buffalo, 19th century drawing
|- style="text-align:center;" ! style="background: pink;" | Scientific classification |- style="text-align:center;" |

|- valign=top |Kingdom:||Animalia |- valign=top |Phylum:||Chordata |- valign=top |Class:||Mammalia |- valign=top |Order:||Artiodactyla |- valign=top |Family:||Bovidae |- valign=top |Subfamily:||Bovinae |- valign=top |Genus:||Syncerus |- valign=top |Species:||caffer |} |- style="text-align:center;" ! style="background: pink;" | Binomial name |- style="text-align:center;" |Syncerus caffer
(Sparrman, 1779) |} The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a bovid from the family of the Bovidae. It is up to 1.7 meters high, 3.4 meters long, and can reach a weight of 900 kilogramms.

Syncerus caffer nanus is considered a subspecies of the African Buffalo. It is a very powerful creature, demanding respect from even a pride of lions when paths cross. Known as one of the "big five" in Africa, the African Buffalo can be volatile and an extremely formidable beast! In Africa, the buffalo is represented by the African or cape buffalo. This bulky animal is one of the most dangerous mammals to be found anywhere. It is said that more big game hunters have been killed by the cape buffalo than by any other African animal. Cape buffalo prefer areas of open pasture, close to jungle and swampy ground where they can wallow. Other than man, they have few natural predators and are capable of defending themselves against (and sometimes killing) lions, who will attack only old, sick, or immature buffaloes. The leopard is a threat only to newborn calves. All attempts to turn the cape buffalo into a "useful" animal by crossbreeding it with domestic cattle have so far proved futile. Excessive hunting has reduced wild populations, and much of the buffalo’s habitat has been converted to agricultural use.

Last updated: 04-25-2005 03:06:01